Supplementary Readings

  1. "What is Mind Design?", by John Haugeland, from Mind Design II, edited by John Haugeland, MIT Press.

  2. "The MU-Puzzle", by Douglas R. Hofstadter, from Gödel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid, Basic Books, 1979.

  3. "Computing Machinery and Intelligence", by Alan M. Turing, Mind, 59, 433-460, 1950.

  4. "A Coffeehouse Conversation on the Turing Test" (with Post Scriptum), from Metamagical Themas: Questing for the Essence of Mind and Pattern, by Douglas R. Hofstadter, Basic Books, 1985.

  5. "Artificial Intelligence: Its Roots and Scope", by George Luger.

  6. "From Micro-Worlds to Knowledge Representation", by Hubert Dreyfus.

  7. "Proof or Consequences", from Searching for Certainty: What Scientists Can Know About the Future, by John Casti, Morrow, 1991.

  8. "Analogies and Metaphors to Explain Gödel's Theorem", by Douglas R. Hofstadter, Two-Year College Mathematics Journal, 13(2), 1982.

  9. "Conversations with Gödel", by Rudy Rucker, from Infinity and the Mind: the Science and Philosophy of the Infinite, Birkhäuser Press, 1982.

  10. "Computer Science as Empirical Inquiry", by Allen Newell and Herbert Simon, 1976.

  11. "Minds, Brains, and Programs", by John Searle, 1980.

  12. "A Conversation With Einstein's Brain", from The Mind's I: Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul, edited by Douglas R. Hofstadter and Daniel C. Dennett, Basic Books, 1981.

  13. "The Appeal of Parallel Distributed Processing", from Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition, Volume I: Foundations, by David E. Rumelhart, James L. McClelland, and the PDP Research Group, MIT Press, 1986.

  14. "Why Connectionism?", from Rethinking Innateness: A Connectionist Perspective on Development, by Jeffrey L. Elman, Elizabeth A. Bates, Mark H. Johnson, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Domenico Parisi, and Kim Plunkett, MIT Press, 1996.

  15. "The Chinese Room: Just Say No!", by Robert M. French, Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Cognitive Science Society Conference, 2000.

  16. Vehicles: Experiments in Synthetic Psychology (excerpt), by Valentino Braitenberg, MIT Press, 1984.

  17. "Intelligence Without Representation", by Rodney Brooks.